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Remarks by Spokesperson of the Chinese Embassy in Latvia on the Taiwan Question
2023-05-20 23:00

1. There is but one China in the world, Taiwan is an inalienable part of China’s territory, and the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal government representing the whole of China. Although the two sides of the Taiwan Strait have not yet been reunified, the fact that the mainland and Taiwan belong to one China has never changed. This is the core of the one-China principle and the real status quo in the Taiwan Strait, which cannot be questioned or changed.

2. The one-China principle represents the universal consensus of the international community; it is consistent with the basic norms of international relations. To date, 182 countries including the United States have established diplomatic relations with the PRC on the basis of the one-China principle. The one-China principle is also the political foundation of China-Latvia relations. As stated in the Joint Communique on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Between the People's Republic of China and the Republic of Latvia signed in September 1991, “The Government of the Republic of Latvia recognizes the Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal Government of China and Taiwan as an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. The Government of the Republic of Latvia undertakes the obligation not to establish official relations or engage in official contacts with Taiwan.”

3. At its 26th session in October 1971, the United Nations General Assembly adopted Resolution 2758, which settled once and for all the political, legal and procedural issues of China's representation in the UN, and it covered the whole country, including Taiwan. It also spelled out that China has one single seat in the UN, so there is no such thing as "two Chinas" or "one China, one Taiwan". The specialized agencies of the UN later adopted further resolutions restoring to the PRC its lawful seat and expelling the representatives of the Taiwan authorities. One of these is Resolution 25.1 adopted at the 25th World Health Assembly in May 1972. Taiwan does not have any ground, reason, or right to join the UN, or any other international organization whose membership is confined to sovereign states, including the World Health Organization.

4. The real threat to cross-Strait peace and stability is the DPP authorities’ unwillingness to recognize the 1992 Consensus which embodies the one-China principle, separatist activities to seek “Taiwan” independence and attempts to change the status quo that both sides of the Taiwan Strait belong to one and the same China. The US, Japan and certain countries have been fudging and hollowing out the one-China principle, echoing with “Taiwan independence” forces in political, military and economic dimensions, and collaborating with a few countries to help Taiwan expand the so-called "international space". It is quite clear they are also responsible for the tensions in the Taiwan Strait.

The G7 who talk about peace in the Taiwan Strait without mentioning the need to oppose “Taiwan independence” forces will only embolden the separatists as they solicit foreign support for “Taiwan independence” and take reckless moves, which can only mean greater danger to the peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait. Those who talk about peaceful resolution of the Taiwan question without mentioning the need to support China’s reunification are actually trying to impede China’s reunification and create a “peaceful division”. The Chinese people will firmly oppose it.

No one cherish cross-Strait peace more than China and Chinese people. We are committed to striving for peaceful reunification with the greatest sincerity and the utmost effort. But we will not accept any attempt by anyone or any force to curb our effort to stop separatism for “Taiwan independence”. And we will not allow anyone or any force to meddle in China’s own affairs under the disguise of seeking peace.

We will only be forced to take drastic measures to respond to the provocation of separatist elements or external forces should they ever cross our red lines. We will always be ready to respond with the use of force or other necessary means to interference by external forces or radical action by separatist elements. Our ultimate goal is to ensure the prospects of China's peaceful reunification and advance this process. The US should abide by the one-China principle, deal with Taiwan-related issues in a prudent and proper manner, stand by its previous commitments, and stop supporting Taiwan separatists.

5. The Taiwan question is essentially different from the Ukraine issue. The two are uncomparable. Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. This makes it fundamentally different from a sovereign country like Ukraine. Some people in the west repeatedly link up the two unrelated things with the real agenda to smear and attack China. Such an act is ill-intentioned. Their real agenda is to create a new crisis across the Taiwan Strait to serve US geopolitical and economic interests at the expense of the well-being of people across the Strait and regional peace and stability.

6. Under the guidance of the Communist Party of China, great progress has been made in cross-Straits relations over the past seven decades. Increased exchanges, broader cooperation and closer interactions have brought tangible benefits to people across the Straits, especially of Taiwan. This fully demonstrates that cross-Straits amity and cooperation are mutually beneficial. Tranquility, development and a decent life are the expectations of our Taiwan compatriots, and the common aspiration of those on both sides of the Taiwan Straits. Peaceful cross-Straits relations and integrated development pave the way for reunification. After reunification, the systems and mechanisms for cross-Straits economic cooperation will be further improved. Backed up by the vast mainland market, Taiwan's economy will enjoy broader prospects, become more competitive, develop steadier and smoother industrial and supply chains, and display greater vitality in innovation-driven growth. 

7. Taiwan is China’s Taiwan. Resolving the Taiwan question is a matter for the Chinese, a matter that must be resolved by the Chinese. The Taiwan question is an internal affair that involves China's core interests and the Chinese people's national sentiments, and no external interference will be tolerated. Any attempt to use the Taiwan question as a pretext to interfere in China's internal affairs or obstruct China's reunification will meet with the resolute opposition of the Chinese people, including our compatriots in Taiwan. No one should underestimate our resolve, will and ability to defend China's sovereignty and territorial integrity.

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